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Dengue Symptoms – Tackle Them NOW!

 

With the normal fever, it is highly subjective for anyone to diagnose dengue. We all by far have come across the deadliest cases crossing the news. Dengue is an infection caused by a virus. You can get it if an infected mosquito bites you.

Dengue does not spread from person to person. It is common in warm, wet areas of the world. Outbreaks occur in the rainy season. Dengue is rare in the United States.

If one only observes every symptom carefully, it includes a high fever, headaches, joint and muscle pain. Vomiting, and a rash too.

Please note in some cases, dengue turns into dengue hemorrhagic fever, which causes bleeding from your nose, gums, or under your skin. It can also become dengue shock syndrome, which causes massive bleeding and shock. These forms of dengue are life-threatening.

 

Subject to dengue symptoms, there is no specific treatment. Most people with dengue recover within 2 weeks. Until then, drinking lots of fluids, resting and taking non-aspirin fever-reducing medicines might help. People with the more severe forms of dengue usually need to go to the hospital and get fluids.

 

Let’s understand how different is dengue’s fever from normal fever?

Viral fever is the intense fever that lasts for three to five days, accompanied by severe chills and body ache. It typically lasts three to five days and goes away as quickly as it comes.

Dengue fever, on the other hand, is more complex in nature. It is transmitted by the tiger mosquito (Aedes Aegypti).

 

Primary symptoms of dengue appear three to 15 days after the mosquito bite and include high fever and severe headache, with severe pain behind the eyes that is apparent when trying to move the eyes. Other associated symptoms are joint pain, muscle and bone pain, rash, and mild bleeding.

Many affected people complain of low back pain. The lymph nodes of the neck and groin may be swollen. Young children and people infected for the first time typically have milder symptoms than older children and adults.

 

Did you know Dengue fever is caused by four different viruses?

Dengue is caused by one of four dengue viruses (dengue virus types 1-4 or DENV 1-4) that are transmitted by the bite of an infected Aedes aegypti mosquito that has previously bitten an infected person.

In the Western Hemisphere, the Aedes aegypti mosquito is the most common transmitter of dengue infection; transmission by the Aedes albopictus mosquito bite has also been reported.

 

You might want to qualify first before rushing to the hospital with the below symptoms:

Other symptoms and signs of Dengue fever

  • Abdominal Pain
  • Bleeding Gums
  • Bone Pain
  • Chills
  • Difficulty Breathing
  • Easy Bruising
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Joint Pain
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Low Back Pain
  • Muscle Pain
  • Nausea
  • Nosebleeds
  • Pain Behind the Eyes
  • Rash (Red Spots on the Skin)
  • Skin Hemorrhages
  • Swollen Lymph Nodes
  • Vomiting

 

Dengue (pronounced DENG-gay) can affect anyone but tends to be more severe in people with compromised immune systems. Because one of five serotypes of the dengue virus causes dengue fever, it is possible to get dengue fever multiple times.

However, an attack of dengue produces immunity for a lifetime to that particular viral dengue serotype to which the patient was exposed.

 

Dengue goes by other names, including “break-bone fever” or “dandy fever.” Victims of dengue often have contortions due to the intense pain in the joints, muscles, and bones, hence the name break-bone fever.

Slaves in the West Indies who contracted dengue were said to have a dandy fever because of their postures and gait.

 

Here is what one needn’t be alarmed but do know if the person is suffering from…

When developing into severe dengue, the critical phase takes place around 3-7 days after the first sign of illness. The temperature will decrease; this does NOT mean the person is necessarily recovering.

On the other hand, special attention needs to be given to these warning signs as it could lead to severe dengue:

  1. Severe abdominal pain
  2. Persistent vomiting
  3. Bleeding gums
  4. Vomiting blood
  5. Rapid breathing
  6. Fatigue/ restlessness

When severe dengue is suspected, the person should be rushed to the emergency room or to the closest health care provider as it causes:

Plasma leaking that may lead to shock and/or fluid accumulation with/without respiratory distress;

  1. Severe bleeding;
  2. Severe organ impairment.

 

If you’re sick with dengue:
  1. Take acetaminophen or paracetamol to control fever and relieve pain. …
  2. Get plenty of rest and drink fluids to prevent dehydration.
  3. During the first week of infection, dengue virus can be found in your blood. …
  4. Rest in a screened or air-conditioned room or under a bed net while you have a fever.
  5. Clearwater from vases, coolers bowls and tyres and do not let the water puddle up anywhere
  6. Remove water from flower pots
  7. Turn over all water storage containers
  8. Clear blockages
  9. Wear full sleeves clothes
  10. Immediately run to a doctor when you have any of the above-stated symptoms
  11. Limit exposure to mosquitoes and their bites

 

Remove the water puddles and excess floating water in your surroundings.

What is the treatment for dengue?

There is no vaccine or specific medication for dengue fever.

  • Patients should seek medical advice, rest and drink plenty of fluids. Paracetamol can be taken to bring down fever and reduce joint pains. However, aspirin or ibuprofen should not be taken since they can increase the risk of bleeding.
  • Patients who are already infected with the dengue virus can transmit the infection via Aedes mosquitoes after the first symptoms appear (during 4-5 days; maximum 12). As a precautionary approach, patients can adopt measures to reduce transmission by sleeping under a treated net especially during the period of illness with fever.
  • Infection with one strain will provide life-time protection only against that particular strain. However, it is still possible to become infected by other strains and develop into severe dengue.
  • When warning signs of severe dengue are present (listed above), it is imperative to consult a doctor and seek hospitalization to manage the disease.

 

With proper medical care and early recognition, case-fatality rates are below 1%. However, the overall experience remains very discomforting and unpleasant.

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