All The Things you Need To Know About Fatty Liver | Health Pick

All The Things you Need To Know About Fatty Liver

About Fatty Liver

A fatty liver is the result of the excess fat in liver cells. Fatty tissue slowly builds up in the liver when a person’s diet exceeds the amount of fat his or her body can handle. A person has a fatty liver when fat makes up at least 5% of the liver. A simple fatty liver can be a completely benign condition and usually does not lead to liver damage. However, once there is a buildup of simple fat, the liver becomes vulnerable to further injury, which may result in inflammation and scarring of the liver.

 

Symptoms

A nonalcoholic fatty liver disease usually causes no signs and symptoms. When it does, they may include:

Enlarged liver

Fatigue

Pain in the upper right abdomen

Possible signs and symptoms of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and cirrhosis (advanced scarring) include:

Abdominal swelling (ascites)

Enlarged blood vessels just beneath the skin’s surface

Enlarged breasts in men

Enlarged spleen

Red palms

Yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)

Causes

Experts don’t know exactly why some people accumulate fat in the liver while others do not. Similarly, there is limited understanding of why some fatty livers develop inflammation that progresses to cirrhosis. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis are both linked to the following:

Overweight or obesity

Insulin resistance, in which your cells don’t take up sugar in response to the hormone insulin

High blood sugar (hyperglycemia), indicating prediabetes or actual type 2 diabetes

High levels of fats, particularly triglycerides, in the blood

These combined health problems appear to promote the deposit of fat in the liver. For some people, this excess fat acts as a toxic to liver cells, causing liver inflammation and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, which may lead to a buildup of scar tissue (fibrosis) in the liver.

Risk factors

A wide range of diseases and conditions can increase your risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, including:

High cholesterol

High levels of triglycerides in the blood

Metabolic syndrome

Obesity, particularly when fat is concentrated in the abdomen

Polycystic ovary syndrome

Sleep apnea

Type 2 diabetes

Underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism)

Underactive pituitary gland (hypopituitarism)

Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis is more likely in these groups:

Older people

People with diabetes

People with body fat concentrated in the abdomen

It is difficult to distinguish nonalcoholic fatty liver disease from nonalcoholic steatohepatitis without further testing.

Also Read:  FIND OUT WHY DRINKING CHILLED WATER IS BAD FOR YOUR HEALTH

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