The transient phase from Gastritis to cancer is not long. But we conveniently bring it to the last stage of gastritis, when we undergo acute pain in the stomach.
What Is Gastritis?
Gastritis is a group of diseases that cause inflammation of the lining of the stomach. Acute gastritis occurs suddenly, and will frequently respond to appropriate therapy while chronic gastritis develops slowly. The inflammation of the stomach lining is most frequently caused by a bacterium called H. pylori.
Gastritis can vary greatly from mild gastritis to severe gastritis. Symptoms might not always be correlated with the severity of the disease.
Let us understand further, how can we prevent gastritis by understanding the symptoms.
Symptoms of Gastritis:
Symptoms of gastritis do not always correspond to the extent of physical changes in the lining of the stomach.
Severe gastritis may be present when the stomach is viewed without any symptoms being present.
Conversely, severe gastritis symptoms may be present despite only minor changes in the stomach lining.
People of old age are most vulnerable and exposed to such danger such as the attacks. They develop painless stomach damage.
- They may have no symptoms at all (no nausea, vomiting, pain) until they are suddenly taken ill with bleeding.
- In people who have gastritis symptoms, pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen are the most common symptoms.
- The pain is usually in the upper central portion of the abdomen (the “pit” of the stomach).
- Sometimes gastritis pain occurs in the left upper portion of the abdomen and in the back. The pain seems to “go right straight through.”
People often use the terms burning, aching, gnawing, or soreness to describe the pain. Usually, a vague sense of discomfort is present, but the pain may be sharp stabbing, or cutting/acute.
Other symptoms of gastritis include the following:
- Belching: Belching usually either does not relieve the pain or relieves it only briefly.
- Nausea and vomiting: The vomit may be clear, green or yellow, blood-streaked, or completely bloody, depending on the severity of the stomach inflammation.
- Feeling of fullness or burning in the upper part of the belly
- In more severe gastritis, bleeding may occur inside the stomach. Erosive gastritis causes an erosion of the gastric mucosa leading to bleeding.
Any of the following symptoms can be seen as well as those already mentioned.
- Pallor, sweating, and rapid (or “racing”) heartbeat.
- Feeling faint or short of breath
- Chest pain or severe stomach pain
- Vomiting large amounts of blood
- Bloody bowel movements or dark, sticky, very foul-smelling bowel movements
Any or all of these symptoms can occur suddenly. This is particularly true in adults older than 65 years of age.
Causes of Gastritis:
The common aids affecting the body parts are excessive alcohol use and this causes a blind irritation. Adding stress to it, chronic vomiting, research shows that the use of certain medications such as aspirin and other heavy drugs can cause Gastritis.
- Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori): A bacteria that lives in the mucous lining of the stomach; without treatment, the infection can lead to ulcers, and in some people, stomach cancer.
- Bile reflux: A backflow of bile into the stomach from the bile tract (that connects to the liver and gallbladder)
Infections caused by bacteria and viruses
If gastritis is left untreated, it can lead to a severe loss of blood and may increase the risk of developing stomach cancer.
The stomach lining can be examined with an endoscope, a thin probe with a tiny camera at the end that can be inserted through the mouth into the stomach.
- The doctor will perform a physical exam, ask about the symptoms, and ask of family health history. They may also recommend a breath, blood, or stool test to check for H. pylori.
- Endoscopy is yet another option to perform a thorough check for any inflammations. An endoscopy involves the use of a long tube that has a camera lens at the tip.
- Also, during the procedure, the doctor will carefully insert the tube to allow them to see into the oesophagus and stomach. The doctor may take a small sample, or biopsy, of the lining of the stomach if they find anything unusual during the examination.
Your doctor may also take X-rays of your digestive tract after you swallow a barium solution, which will help distinguish areas of concern.
Treatment for gastritis usually involves:
- Taking antacids and other drugs (such as proton pump inhibitors or H-2 blockers) to reduce stomach acid can help.
- Avoiding hot and spicy foods
- For gastritis caused by H. pylori infection, the doctor will prescribe a regimen of several antibiotics plus an acid-blocking drug (used for heartburn)
- If the gastritis is caused by pernicious anaemia, B12 vitamin shots will be given.
Eliminating irritating foods from your diet such as lactose from dairy or gluten from wheat