Heart Attack Symptoms: Causes, Diagnosis, Treatments

Heart Attack: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatments

Heart attack symptoms

Heart Attack Symptoms: Setting a day with a good plan and an effective high gauge financial goal and what not? And from nowhere there is a niche pain in between a chest. Contrary to the belief, a  heart attack is not heartburns.

A heart attack is the death of a segment of heart muscle caused by a loss of blood supply. The blood is usually cut off when an artery supplying the heart muscle is blocked by a blood clot.

“Myo” means muscle, “cardial” refers to the heart, and “infarction” means the death of tissue because of a lack of blood supply. This tissue death can cause lasting damage to the heart muscle.


Heart Attack Symptoms

Symptoms of a heart attack include:

  • Fullness, indigestion, or a choking feeling (it may feel like heartburn)
  • Sweating, upset stomach, vomiting, or dizziness
  • Severe weakness, anxiety, fatigue, or shortness of breath
  • Fast or uneven heartbeat
  • Discomfort, pressure, heaviness, tightness, squeezing, or pain in your chest or arm or below your breastbone
  • The discomfort that goes into your back, jaw, throat, or arm

Often, symptoms vary in each person and the type of attack your hearts are prone to. Apparently, the research and stats resources show that women are more likely to have symptoms like an upset stomach, shortness of breath, or back or jaw pain.

With some heart attacks, you won’t notice any symptoms (a “silent” myocardial infarction). This is more common in people who have diabetes.


Heart Attack Causes

Your heart muscle needs a constant supply of oxygen-rich blood. Your coronary arteries give your heart this critical blood supply.

  1. In the case of coronary artery disease, those arteries become narrow and blood can’t flow as well as it should. When our blood supply is blocked, heart attack prevails.
  2. Fat, calcium, proteins, and inflammatory cells build up in our arteries to form plaques.
  3. The plaque deposit is hard on the outside and soft and mushy on the inside.
  4. If a blood clot blocks the artery, heart muscle starves for oxygen. The muscle cells soon die, causing permanent damage.
  5. Rarely, a spasm in your coronary artery can also cause a heart attack. During this coronary spasm, your arteries restrict or spasm on and off, cutting off the blood supply to your heart muscle (ischemia).
  6. It can happen while you’re at rest and even if you don’t have serious coronary artery disease.
  7. The damaged arteries are equally the reason for the stoppage of the flow of blood to a different part of the heart muscles. The severity should hit depending upon the time gap between the attack and the treatment.
  8. The heart muscle starts to heal soon after a heart attack. This takes about 8 weeks. Just like a skin wound, a scar forms in the damaged area. But the new scar tissue doesn’t move the way it should.
  9. So, the heart can’t pump as much after a heart attack.

In the time of heart attack!

  1. Once the emergency hits, at the very first attack, it is only wise to call an ambulance with the right support & emergency tending system.
  2. After a heart attack, the treatment should foretake steps to open the blocked artery and lessen the damage.
  3. The best time to treat a heart attack is within 1 or 2 hours after symptoms begin.
  4. Waiting longer means more damage to your heart and a lower chance of survival.


Heart Attack Diagnosis

The diagnosis for heart attack involves many types of tests and mainly:

  • An EKG (also known as an electrocardiogram or ECG) can tell how much your heart muscle has been damaged and where. It can also monitor your heart rate and rhythm.
  • Blood tests. Different levels of cardiac enzymes in your blood can indicate heart muscle damage.
  1. These enzymes are usually inside the cells of your heart. When those cells are injured, their contents — including the enzymes — spill into your bloodstream.
  2. By measuring the levels of these enzymes, the doctor can find out the size of the heart attack and when it started.
  3. Tests can also measure troponin levels. Troponins are proteins inside heart cells that are released when the cells are damaged by the lack of blood supply to your heart.
  • This imaging test can be used during and after a heart attack to learn how your heart is pumping and what areas aren’t pumping the way they should. The “echo” can also tell whether any parts of your heart (valves, septum, etc.) have been injured in the heart attack.
  • Cardiac catheterization: Also called cardiac Cath is necessary, during the first hours of a heart attack if medications aren’t helping the ischemia or symptoms. The cardiac Cath can give an image of the blocked artery and help your doctor decide on a treatment.


Heart Attack Treatment

Treatment begins right away, sometimes in the ambulance or emergency room.

What drugs are used to treat a heart attack?

Drug therapy aims to break up or prevent blood clots, stop platelets from collecting and sticking to the plaque, stabilize the plaque, and prevent more ischemia.

Take these medications as soon as possible (within 1 or 2 hours from the start of your heart attack, if possible) to limit heart damage.

Drugs used during a heart attack may include:

Aspirin to stop blood clotting that may make the heart attack worse

Other antiplatelet drugs, such as clopidogrel (Plavix), prasugrel (Effient), or ticagrelor (Brilinta) to stop clotting

Thrombolytic therapy (“clot busters”) to dissolve blood clots in your heart’s arteries

Any combination of these

Other drugs given during or after a heart attack help your heart work better, widen your blood vessels, lower your pain, and help you avoid life-threatening heart rhythms.

Are there other treatments for a heart attack?

Cardiac catheterization. In addition to making a picture of your arteries, cardiac Cath can be used for procedures (such as angiography or stent) to open narrowed or blocked arteries.

Bypass surgery. You might have bypass surgery in the days after a heart attack to restore the blood supply to your heart.

Treatments don’t cure coronary artery disease. You can still have another heart attack. But you can take steps to make it less likely.


Why do I need to take drugs after a heart attack?

You might take certain drugs after a heart attack to:

  • Prevent blood clots
  • Help your heart work better
  • Prevent plaques by lowering cholesterol
  • You might take medications that treat an uneven heartbeat, lower your blood pressure, control chest pain, and treat heart failure.
Tips for Heart Attack Prevention

The goal after your heart attack is to keep your heart healthy and lower your risk of having another heart attack.

  • Take your medications as directed, make healthy lifestyle changes, and see your doctor for regular heart check-ups.
  • Know the names of your medications, what they’re used for, and when you need to take them.
  • Go over your medications with your doctor or nurse.
  • Keep a list of all your medications, and take it to each of your doctor visits. If you have questions about them, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
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