Scleroderma Symptoms: It is saturated in itself and is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the skin, connective tissue, and internal organs. The doctor specifically can treat the symptoms and help them feel better, though.
The problem is with your immune system, which causes the body to make too much of the protein collagen, which is an important part of your skin.
More often, the skin tends to thicken and tight up, and scars can form on the lungs and kidneys. Hence, the blood vessels can thicken and not work the way up are down the arteries.
Getting worse, the consequences lead to tissue damage and high blood pressure.
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There are two types:
Depending on the innate results and orientations of the skin infections the class is termed into two types.
- Localized scleroderma mainly affects the skin.
- The other, Systemic scleroderma, can involve many body parts or systems.
These sprout on the skin and deeper into other organs. Mainly, in the first type which majorly involves the skin, Localized scleroderma is further bifurcated to Morphea & Linear.
Morphea shows itself as an oval-shaped patch on the skin. Generalized Morphea leads affect blood vessels thus affecting the internal organs.
Linear, as the name goes, forms streaks of thickened skin on arms, legs or even face sometimes.
The second, Systemic scleroderma, subjects itself as the crest syndrome. CEST syndrome – the lungs, intestines, or oesophagus, the tube that carries food from your mouth to your stomach. Limited and diffuse scleroderma acquires the skin very quickly.
This form also affects internal organs, like the heart, lungs, kidneys, and gastrointestinal tract.
Doctors don’t know what triggers scleroderma. It’s one of a group of conditions known as autoimmune diseases.
A touchdown on reality, when our autoimmune system turns against us, the inflammation of skin and other organs is severe. One such result is scleroderma.
Symptoms of Scleroderma?
The symptoms can affect many parts of the body. They include:
- Muscle weakness
- Dry eyes or mouth (called Sjogren’s syndrome)
- Swelling — mostly of the hands and fingers. Your doctor may call this edema.
- Ulcers or sores on fingertips
- Small red spots on the face and chest. These are opened blood vessels called telangiectasias.
- Puffy or swollen or painful fingers and/or toes
- Painful or swollen joints
- Shortness of breath
- Weight Loss
- Hardened or thickened skin that looks shiny and smooth. It’s most common on the hands and face.
- Cold fingers or toes that turn red, white, or blue. This is called Raynaud’s phenomenon.
The diagnosis pans out when the doctor will check with the patient’s health history.
X-ray and blood tests are the common diagnoses the doctors stick on to. However, some take a small sample of skin (called a biopsy). They may check out your heart, lungs, and esophagus parameters too.
Treatment for scleroderma
- There’s no treatment for scleroderma, but you can manage the symptoms. Your doctor will focus on helping you do that with:
- NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen or aspirin). They can help with swelling and pain.
- Steroids and other drugs to control your immune response. These can help with muscle, joint, or internal organ problems.
- Drugs that boost blood flow to your fingers
- Blood pressure medication
- Drugs that open blood vessels in the lungs or prevent tissue from scarring
- Heartburn medication
Other things that help may include:
- Exercise for better overall health
- Skin treatment, including light and laser therapy
- Physical therapy
- Occupational therapy
- Stress management
- If severe organ damage happens, organ transplantation