Water-linked infections are the most frequent cause of deaths. The absence of fresh water for household use has directed to the expansion in the number of deaths in both the urban and rural parts of all the developing countries. And the situation in India is also same. Deaths due to Water-linked diseases in India are in the span of nearly 80 percent. Today on the International Water Day, we, Health Pick will be discussing the top 5 most deadly Water-linked infections that happen in India.
Diarrhea remains the most common Water-linked epidemic in India. It mostly attacks children under the age of 5 and usually leads to death. The diarrhoeal germ is reached through food and drinking water that has been infected. A diarrhoeal attack can continue up to 2 weeks and leave the person totally dehydrated.
Symptoms of diarrhea include severe dizziness, loss of awareness, dehydration and pale skin, little or no urination and in some case bloody stool. Diarrhea can develop through multiple viruses that are found in infected water. The secondary sections of the society come in daily contact with this water and that is the why the rate of diarrhea is leading amongst them.
Many people fall victim to cholera every year in India. Cholera is a Water-linked disease and is diarrhoeal in nature. You will be killed in an hour if left unattended. Cholera hits when one drinks water that is infected with the Vibrio Cholerae Bacterium. Symptoms of cholera include watery bowels and fever in certain cases. Cholera can attack both children and adults. In India, cholera-related deaths are the most popular in places with a shortage of good quality water. In 2010, nearly 140 people died of cholera in Odisha (formerly known as Orissa).
Malaria or Malarial fever is sprayed by the Plasmodium parasite mosquito that grows in water bodies like lakes and paddy fish. Stagnant water is another favorite breeding ground for these dangerous parasites. It frequently kills children in India, as adults gradually form some sort of immunization against the parasitoid, over the years.
Malarial fever symptoms include fevers, chills, headaches, and vomiting. Sometimes these signs are also coupled with anemia. A malarial infection shows only after a week has passed. Therefore, treating it quickly is fundamental.
Japanese encephalitis is a Water-linked disorder that is caused by the Culex tritaeniorhynchus and Culex Vishnui type of mosquitoes.These mosquitoes’ favorite breeding ground is water submerged paddy fields. Therefore, Japanese encephalitis is majorly found in the agricultural parts of India. The Japanese encephalitis virus strikes children the most and in some instances, this Water-linked infection can lead to death. The symptoms of Japanese encephalitis involve fever, vomiting, headaches and in severe cases, coma, seizures and finally death. The antidote for Japanese encephalitis is very costly therefore most of the economically backward classes in India cannot afford it.
Filariasis is a parasitic disorder and attacks people who live near unsanitary water bodies or sewage. It is developed by mosquitoes that breed in fresh and idle water bodies and is the host of the filarial nematode worm. This worm attacks humans and leads to elephantitis.Filariasis can lead to blindness, and rapid skin pigmentation and the filarial worms can affect different parts of the body. Filariasis is a concern for the rural community in India whose major occupation is agriculture. Although it can be dressed and stopped with oral medicines, shortage of medicines in rural India leads to severe disfiguration in many cases.
Water-linked diseases bother many Indians. The availability of fresh and good quality drinking water to all Indians remains a big concern.
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