One of the most dangerous things about high blood pressure is that you may not even know that you have it. And that is as frightening as the effects high blood pressure has on our body. In fact, almost 30% of the people who are diagnosed with high blood pressure (known as hypertension in medical parlance) don’t even know it and are completely asymptomatic. What is blood pressure? Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the inside lining of our arteries. The more the pressure, the greater is the damage to the heart, blood vessels, and the other organs. Normal blood pressure ranges between 135-110/70-80 mmHg. Men and women in their 40s, 50s, and 60s are at risk of developing hypertension, however, nowadays, given the lifestyles and work-pressures, more and more 30-year-olds are also developing it. Though there are no sure shot signs of hypertension, listed below are five signs and symptoms that occasionally signify your blood pressure is soaring:
A nagging headache
High blood pressure doesn’t necessarily mean headaches and vice versa. But in spite of all the evidence indicating no direct correlation between headaches and hypertension, a lot of people with high blood pressure confirm experiencing a constant throbbing headache, particularly in the back of the head when they have missed taking their pill. However, it must be noted that a headache is a definite symptom during a hypertensive crisis, i.e. systolic more than 180mmHg and diastolic higher than 110mmHg.
Bleeding from the nose is yet another symptom that could be because of high blood pressure. However, nose bleeds are usually seen when the blood pressure has reached an alarmingly high level. And the reverse is not always true. Nose bleeds can occur because of various other reasons such as vigorously blowing your nose, sinusitis, deviated nasal septum etc.
Altered Vision or diminished vision
Tiny, delicate blood vessels supply blood to our eyes. Hypertension over time can damage these vessels and cause altered vision or decreased vision. So, occasionally blurred vision or altered vision would be the first sign people go the doctor with. And sometimes, it is a bit too late by then.
Palpitations or a ‘Pounding’ in the chest
High blood pressure is one of the causes of palpitations in people with undiagnosed hypertension. The palpitation may feel as if the heart has stopped or pounding out of control. Recurrent palpitations coupled with chest pain and sweating can be a sign of a serious heart problem. And in such cases, you should seek medical attention immediately. Palpitations don’t necessarily mean hypertension. Palpitations or increased heart beats are also seen during anxiety or panic attacks, fear or nervousness. So you should consult your physician for further evaluation.
Chest pain can occur without palpitations, sweating etc. But again, chest pain occurs only when blood pressure is remarkably high.
All the signs and symptoms mentioned above are by no means, all inclusive, but serve as a useful guide in picking up high blood pressure. Early detection of high blood pressure is an important tool in its treatment, so you should keep a check on it regularly. Once diagnosed, it can be easily controlled with simple medications.