The most common sign to elude the doubt of pregnancy is missed periods, spotting, morning sickness and fatigue.
A woman should take a pregnancy test and understand the pregnancy symptoms if she misses a period. Early prenatal (before the birth) care is important to the health of the mother as well as the baby. A woman should see a doctor right away if she is pregnant.
The 5 common signs of pregnancy:
- A missed period: Missing a period is the most clear-cut sign of pregnancy. However, it is not always a sign of pregnancy. Stress, excessive exercise, dieting, hormone imbalance and other factors might cause irregular periods.
- Frequent trips to the bathroom: Even before missing a period, many pregnant women report having to urinate more often. A woman might even have to get up during the night to go to the bathroom. A frequent need to urinate occurs after the embryo has implanted in the uterus and begins producing the pregnancy hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). This hormone triggers frequent urination.
- Fatigue: Feeling extremely tired is a very early sign of pregnancy. Fatigue is a result of high levels of the hormone progesterone.
- Morning (and noon and night) sickness: Feeling queasy isn’t limited to mornings. Most pregnant women who experience morning sickness feel slightly nauseated at other times during the day. Nausea can begin two weeks to two months after conception. About half of pregnant women have vomiting. However, very few have severe enough morning sickness to develop dehydration and malnutrition.
- Sore (and enlarging) breasts: In pregnancy, a woman’s breasts will probably become increasingly tender to the touch. The soreness may be similar to the way breasts feel before a period, only more so. The nipples might also begin to darken and enlarge. Once a woman’s body gets used to the increase in hormones, the pain will subside.
On the hind side of pregnancy…
In spite of technology and medical science’s ability to manage complex health problems, the current maternity care environment has increased risks for healthy women and their babies. It comes as a surprise to most women that standard maternity care does not reflect the best scientific evidence.
Hygiene, better overall health, and antibiotics were responsible for the dramatic drop in maternal morbidity and mortality in the 20th century. In the last half of the 20th century, advances in medicine made birth safer for high-risk women and women with pre-existing medical conditions or serious complications in their current pregnancy.
Why is iron so important during pregnancy?
Pregnant women need about 30 mg of iron every day. Why? Because iron is needed to make haemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying component of red blood cells. Red blood cells circulate throughout the body to deliver oxygen to all its cells.
Without enough iron, the body can’t make enough red blood cells and the body’s tissues and organs won’t get the oxygen they need to function well. So, pregnant women need to get enough iron in their daily diets — for themselves and their growing babies.
Although the nutrient can be found in various kinds of foods, iron from meat sources is more easily absorbed by the body than iron found in plant foods. Iron-rich foods include:
- red meat
- dark poultry
- enriched grains
- dried beans and peas
- dried fruits
- dark leafy green vegetables
- blackstrap molasses
- iron-fortified breakfast cereals
Are you an Alpha mom?
Alpha Mom was started because, as counter-intuitive as it may seem, motherhood was not an instinct for me, and, I discovered I was not alone – there are many (many) just like me. Rather than running to grandma, I ran to Google.
See, it’s connectedness that is a new mom’s first instinct. And, with nonjudgmental support and advice from other moms and parenting professionals, we try to help women embrace motherhood with confidence.
Why is it necessary to avoid certain things during necessary?
Although it may seem harmless to have a glass of wine at dinner or a mug of beer out with friends, no one has determined what’s a “safe amount” of alcohol to consume during pregnancy. One of the most commonly known causes of mental and physical birth defects, alcohol can cause severe abnormalities in a developing foetus.
Pregnant women who use drugs may be placing their unborn babies at risk for premature birth, poor growth, birth defects, and behaviour and learning problems. And their babies could also be born addicted to those drugs themselves.
Pregnant women who smoke pass nicotine and carbon monoxide to their growing babies. The risks of this include:
· low birth weight
· sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
· asthma and other respiratory problems in the child
High caffeine consumption has been linked to an increased risk of miscarriage, so it’s probably wise to limit or even avoid caffeine altogether if you can.
And remember that caffeine is not limited to coffee. Many teas, colas, and other soft drinks contain caffeine. Try switching to decaffeinated products (which may still have some caffeine, but in much smaller amounts) or caffeine-free alternatives.
Food Smarts & Other Precautions
Although you need to eat plenty of healthy foods during pregnancy, you also need to avoid food-borne illnesses, such as listeriosis and toxoplasmosis, which can be life-threatening to an unborn baby and may cause birth defects or miscarriage.
Changing the Litter Box
Pregnancy is the prime time to get out of cleaning the kitty’s litter box. Why?
Because toxoplasmosis can be spread through soiled cat litter boxes and can cause serious problems, including prematurity, poor growth, and severe eye and brain damage.
A pregnant woman who becomes infected often has no symptoms but can still pass the infection on to her developing baby.
Over-the-Counter and Prescription Medicines
Even common over-the-counter medicines that are generally safe may be considered off-limits during pregnancy because of their potential effects on the baby. And some prescription medicines may also cause harm to the developing fetus.
Healthy Pregnancy Habits: From Start to Finish
From the first week of your pregnancy to the fortieth, it’s important to take care of yourself so you can take care of your baby. Even though you have to take some precautions and be ever-aware of how what you do — and don’t do — may affect your baby, many women say they’ve never felt healthier than during pregnancy.
You don’t need a mirror in water to reflect your image. The wise conscious choice during pregnancy will help you and your baby have a beautiful pregnant-hood.